Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2017
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
This summary of significant accounting policies of the Company is presented to assist in understanding the Company’s financial statements.
The Company follows the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and has adopted a year-end of December 31.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("US GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Management further acknowledges that it is solely responsible for adopting sound accounting practices consistently applied, establishing and maintaining a system of internal accounting control and preventing and detecting fraud. The Company’s system of internal accounting control is designed to assure, among other items, that 1) recorded transactions are valid; 2) valid transactions are recorded; and 3) transactions are recorded in the proper period in a timely manner to produce financial statements which present fairly the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the respective periods being presented.
Basis of Presentation
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. These include the accounts of Cross Environmental Services, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Cross Demolition, Inc., Cross Insulation, Inc., Cross Remediation, Inc., Cross FRP, Inc., Triple J Trucking, Inc., and Tenpoint Trucking, Inc. All significant intercompany account balances, transactions, profits and losses have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
For certain financial instruments, including accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, interest payable, advances payable and notes payable, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their relatively short maturities.
The Company has adopted ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” ASC 820-10 defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for receivables and current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:
The Company did not identify any non-recurring assets and liabilities that are required to be presented in the balance sheets at fair value in accordance with ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging.”
In February 2007, the FASB issued ASC 825-10 “Financial Instruments.” ASC 825-10 permits entities to choose to measure many financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected are reported in earnings. ASC 825-10 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007.
The carrying amounts of cash and current liabilities approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these items. These fair value estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment, and, therefore, cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect these estimates. The Company does not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes, nor does it utilize derivative instruments in the management of foreign exchange, commodity price, or interest rate market risks.
Revenue and Cost Recognition
The Company follows ASC 605-35 "Revenue Recognition: Construction type contracts" and recognizes revenues from fixed-price and modified fixed-price construction contracts on the percentage-of-completion method, measured by the percentage of cost incurred to date to estimated total cost for each contract. This method is used because management considers total cost to be the best available measure of progress on the contracts.
Contract costs include all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, repairs, and depreciation. Selling, general, and administrative costs are charged to expenses as incurred. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts, if any, are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Changes in job performance, job conditions, and estimated profitability may result in revisions to costs and income which are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined.
The asset, "Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts," represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed.
The liability, "Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts," represents billings in excess of revenues recognized.
Contract retentions are included in contracts receivable.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For purposes of reporting cash flows, the Corporation considers cash and cash equivalents to be all highly liquid deposits with maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates market value.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
The company maintains cash balances at Centennial Bank located in Central Florida. The cash accounts are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000. At March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s uninsured cash balances for those accounts were $0.
Special purpose entities
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet financing activities.
Contracts receivable are recorded when invoices are issued and presented in the balance sheet net of the allowance for doubtful accounts. Contract receivables are written off when they are determined to be uncollectible. The allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on the Company's historical average percentage of bad debts in relation to its revenue.
Inventories consist primarily of job materials and supplies and are priced at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Expenditures for major additions and improvements are capitalized. As property and equipment are sold or retired, the applicable cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss thereon is recognized as operating expenses.
Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives or, in the case of leasehold improvements, the term of the related lease, including renewal periods, if shorter. Estimated useful lives are as follows:
The Company reviews property, plant and equipment and all amortizable intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability is based on estimated undiscounted cash flows. Measurement of the impairment loss, if any, is based on the difference between the carrying value and fair value.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Amortizable Intangible Assets
The Company follows ASC 360-10, “Property, Plant, and Equipment,” which establishes a “primary asset” approach to determine the cash flow estimation period for a group of assets and liabilities that represents the unit of accounting for a long-lived asset to be held and used. Long-lived assets to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The carrying amount of a long-lived asset is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Through March 31, 2017, the Company had not experienced impairment losses on its long-lived assets.
Intangible Assets - Goodwill
Cost of investment in purchased company assets (Simpson & Associates, Inc.) in excess of the underlying fair value of net assets at date of acquisition (March 2001) is recorded as goodwill on the balance sheet. The amount of $1,396,855 was acquired in 2001 and an additional $50,000 was reclassified as goodwill in 2002. Goodwill is not amortized, but instead is assessed for impairment at least annually and upon the occurrence of certain triggering events or substantive changes in circumstances that indicate that the fair value of goodwill may be impaired. Measurement of the impairment loss, if any, is based on the difference between the carrying value and fair value of the reporting unit. The goodwill impairment test follows a two-step process. In the first step, the fair value of a reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the impairment test is performed for purposes of measuring the impairment. In the second step, the fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit to determine an implied goodwill value. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess. There were no material impairments to the carrying value of long-lived assets and intangible assets subject to amortization during the periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
ASC 280, “Segment Reporting” requires use of the “management approach” model for segment reporting. The management approach model is based on the way a company’s management organizes segments within the company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. The Company determined it has three operating segments as of March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016.
Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss except to the extent that they relate to a business combination, or items recognized directly in equity or in other comprehensive income. Current tax is the expected tax payable or receivable on the taxable income or loss for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date, and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years. Current tax payable also includes any tax liability arising from the declaration of dividends. Deferred tax would be recognized in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. No deferred tax is recognized since the difference in carrying amount is not significant.
Net Income (Loss) per Share
The Company computes net income (loss) per share in accordance with ASC 260-10, “Earnings Per Share.” The basic net income/(loss) per common share is computed by dividing the net income/(loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income/(loss) per share gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the “as if converted” basis. For the periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 there were no potential dilutive securities.
There is currently only one class of common stock. Each share of common stock is entitled to one vote. The authorized number of shares of common stock of CES Synergies, Inc. at March 31, 2017 and 2016 was 250,000,000 shares with a nominal par value per share of $0.001. Authorized shares that have been issued and fully paid amounted to 47,300,500 at March 31, 2017 compared to 46,890,500 common shares at March 31, 2016.
Comprehensive income/(loss) represents net income/(loss) plus the change in equity of a business enterprise resulting from transactions and circumstances from non-owner sources. The Company’s comprehensive income/(loss) was equal to net income/(loss) for the periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef